Un-dam the Klamath

As part of our advocacy project we have been looking at ways to help spread the word of  the Karuk, Hoopa, and Yurok tribes to get rid of the dams that are harming the Klamath river. Here are some sources for you all to check out to learn more!





Advocacy Project – Columbus Day

Our advocacy project is to propose to end Columbus Day as a federal holiday as well as to rededicate Columbus Day as Exploration Day. Christopher Columbus oversaw and orchestrated many terrible atrocities against the Indigenous people he encountered. These acts include torture, rape, enslavement, human trafficking, and mass murder. The act of celebrating Columbus Day is a constantly reminder of the pain and suffer for Native Americans, and many tribal organizations are in action to petition for cancellation of the Columbus Day. While recognizing the important meaning of exploratory spirit behind the celebration of Columbus Day, we would like to advocacy for rededicating Columbus Day as Exploration Day, which celebrate the true meaning of Columbus Day in a more appropriately way for all Americans.

We are having in class presentation and discussion from 5:50 to 6:20, Thursday, December 4. And we are also tabling at the first floor of HGH building, next to the front stairs, with petition signature collecting on Friday, December 5, from 1:30 to 5. We would also like to invite you to repost our petition through social networks if you share the same idea with us. Here’s the website of our petition on change.org: http://chn.ge/1tOgLJZ?recruiter=190797976

Heckman Video and Article

The video that I watched from the Heckman Equation was, “The Essential Growth Strategy: Investing in Early Childhood Education.” This video was extremely interesting and explained the benefits of teaching our children early in life. Children need experiences socially and emotionally to be able to develop and participate in the world. Our society needs people that are developed fully socially and emotionally, and allowing children to have experiences developing early on is only beneficial for the future of our society. Families and schools have to work together to produce these skills that are essential for children to grow and develop. What everyone needs to realize is that the skills children need and often learned before they even enter the schooling system and begin during early childhood.

The paper I read was, “Early Childhood Investments Substantially Boost Adult Health.” This paper talked about the later effects of stimulating early childhood environments on adults. The Carolina Abecedarian Project was a social experiment designed to see if early childhood environments could prevent the development of mild mental retardation. The benefits of stimulating environments are consistent with adult health later in life. Early childhood programs can make a huge difference in the lives of many children that may be subject to disadvantages.

HeckmanEquation Video & Article

The video I chose to watch was “Early Childhood Education Has a High Rate of Return.” It says that we need to make smart strategic investments in Early Childhood to give us the best chance for the future competitiveness of our country. Not having experienced workers will cause our society to collapse. See more at: http://heckmanequation.org/content/resource/early-childhood-education-has-high-rate-return

The article I chose to read was “The Case for Investing in Disadvantaged Young Children.” It talks about the different reasons we as a society should invest in early interventions for disadvantaged children. “Currently, public policy in the United States and many other countries focuses on promoting and measuring cognitive ability through IQ and achievement tests. A focus on achievement test scores ignores important non-cognitive factors that promote success in school and life.” Over the past 40 years, family environments have deteriorated which stresses early interventions to improve cognitive, socio-emotional abilities, and health for these children. Children who experience early interventions in the preschool years show higher performance rates than those who receive later interventions. Early interventions promote schooling, reduce crime, foster workforce productivity, reduce teenage pregnancy, promote economic efficiency, and reduce lifetime inequality. Learn more at: http://heckmanequation.org/content/resource/early-childhood-investments-substantially-boost-adult-health

News Brief: Teaching Tolerance

Reporter: Megan Yantis

Article Name: We Still Need Diverse Books

Source: http://www.tolerance.org/blog/we-still-need-diverse-books

Date: 11-18-14

Main Points: Many educator’s are beginning to see, and may already see, the importance of having culturally diverse literature in their classrooms. According to recent research, our brains automatically create negative or positive responses to certain associations, and many of these happen without us even realizing it. These associations can be both beneficial and detrimental to the learning process. One of the best ways for educator’s to counteract the building of these negative biases and stereotypes is through the use diverse literature. By remaining mindful of the literature that is available in the classroom, they can deconstruct negative stereotypes and create an inclusive learning environment.

Importance/Recommendations: It is crucial that children see themselves reflected in the literature that they are reading. However, diverse literature is also important because it gives children insight into cultures and lifestyles other than their own. Building alliances with fellow teachers can be helpful as well. By working together teachers can pool their resources, and share culturally diverse literature and curriculum. The classroom is the perfect place for children to learn to appreciate diversity, and to not view their differences as a deficit. Teachers should work to provide literature in their classrooms that reflect the diversity of the children that they are teaching. Literature is a powerful way to introduce children to the concept of diversity.

News Brief

Jazmin Marentes
November 13, 2014

Date: November 12, 2014

Source: University of Surrey
A current study suggests that young girls are more in tune with their emotions due to the words their mothers use to interact with them. Starting at a young age, mothers tend to use more emotional towards their daughters, than their sons. While fathers have been shown to use less emotion words in general. The study results suggest that because of this, males are less likely to be in touch with their emotions because their mothers and fathers are “unconsciously reinforcing gender stereotypes in their children.” 65 parents participated in this study and it was recorded that as mothers and fathers told stories to their daughters, a higher frequency of emotions words such as “happy”, “sad” and “worried” were used more often than with their sons.

This information is important to child development, because the evidence reveals the significance of parent-child interactions. Unknowingly, parents may press ideals onto their children and set expectations of what is acceptable for their particular gender role. Children are raised with the assumption that women are more emotional and men are less in touch with their emotions, in fact males that are can be seen as “feminine.” Perhaps, the assumption of whether a “feminine” male is seen as positive or negative is in the hands of the culture of the child’s society. For parents, it is crucial that they understand the true impact that they have on their child’s development as well as the possible outcomes of the way they interact with their children. It is also important for teachers to understand that children come from different households and when working with different families will present different ideals. I recommend using this knowledge to encourage the significance of identifying emotions. Whether children are identifying their own emotions or other’s emotions, it is crucial in obtaining successful interactions with peers, adults and parents. Identifying one’s own emotions is important in being able to work through those emotions in a healthy way.

University of Surrey. (2014, November 12). Mothers nurture emotions in girls over boys, new study finds. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 13, 2014 from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/11/141112084500.htm

10 Reasons Why Handheld Devices Should Be Banned

Cassandra Matsen
November 9, 2014


This article found online titled “10 Reasons Why Handheld Devices Should Be Banned for Children Under the Age of 12.” Gives a simple yet informative breakdown of the reasoning behind getting rid of handheld devices for children under the age of 12. The 10 reasoning include:
1. Rapid brain growth
2. Delayed Development
3. Epidemic Obesity
4. Sleep Deprivation
5. Mental Illness
6. Aggression
7. Digital dementia
8. Addictions
9. Radiation emission
10. Unsustainable
A reason I believe this is important information for child development, and child development professionals is because it shows the value in being actively present in a child’s life. This article shows the positive different face to face interactions plays on child development appose to hand held devices. The information states that early brain development is determined by environmental stimuli, or lack thereof. Therefor it is important to understand children learn best through scaffolding and modeling hands on activities and behaviors. I recommend that educators find hands on activities with lessons and teachings rather than using technology. I think it’s important to find activities that can stimulate the brain more than electronics.

Childhood Obesity



Since my advocacy group is doing our project on obesity I thought I would get a head start and do my last individual policy post on childhood obesity in the US. I thought this link was really interesting because it explains that only 25 out of all 50 states that receive funding for obesity education use a portion of that money on prevention. I was shocked when I looked through the states programs they listed out and found that as of December 2010, each of these states licensing regulations only met 1 to 14 of the 47 standard components for preventing childhood obesity. Only one state met 14 the majority were closer to 6 and one state didn’t meet a single regulation.

How to Read a Racist Book to Your Kids

Within this article that I found on the website for New York Times Magazine titled “How to Read a Racist Book to Your Kids,” author, Stephen Marche posted, June 15, 2012; talks about a father who had an encounter with his child about something that was racist in a movie that they were watching. The child thought that in the cartoon pirates had a gorilla on their boat, this wasn’t a gorilla this was a black man. He started to think about different parts in cartoons that have portrayed stereotypes about different ethnic groups, he discusses points from Monsters Inc. and Madagascar. Different ethnic groups are portrayed in ways in the media usually based off stereotypes. It becomes an issue when children are consuming this information through cartoons they watch, books they read and commercials they see and are subconsciously believing or thinking these stereotypes are true/okay to believe in. Stephen talks about how he doesn’t exactly know how to approach these topics with his child and whether or not he should tell him the truth about what people have done to create these stereotypes or if he should just ignore it. I think that a lot of people, parents, teachers, caregivers or anyone who encounter children have a hard time approaching this situation. I think that it has to be approached in a situation-to-situation basis. If I were a parent and had encountered this topic with my children I think that I would be honest with my child from the gecko explaining the true history within this country but at the same time, I don’t plan on exposing my children to types of media that portrays different ethnic groups in a stereotype way. I believe ignoring the situation would make the child think that it isn’t a big deal, and give into the act of subconsciously believing the material they see, if they ask, explain. As a teacher I think there are certain ways to approach the situation and talk with the parents about the questions they might have. I appreciate Stephen’s concerns because it is a big deal, and it is a very hard situation to deal with. Personally I do believe it is a topic that should be addressed because there are a lot of different ways the media portrays racism and stereotypes but I am conscious of these things because I am an ethnic studies minor and have been exposed to critically analyzing material in this matter. I understand that there are people who aren’t exposed to this critical way of analyzing material and might not see that there is a problem. A lot of people are falling into this hegemonic way of thinking without knowing it because the media is very powerful and we have grown up this way not knowing different. I think that this article brings up a topic that needs to be talked about, explored and recognized more because people are dealing with it.   (http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/17/magazine/how-to-read-a-racist-book-to-your-kids.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0)

Navajo Presidential Race Shaken By Language Gap

Navajo Election
“Language is the embodiment of culture, and tribal languages contain history, cosmology, traditional values and identity,” as stated in this NPR article. So, does electing a presidential candidate who isn’t fluent in Navajo language undermine the traditions and culture of the Navajo people? Or does it create an opportunity to represent the other side (the majority of youth) of the language gap within the Navajo nation? This article explores the debate surrounding Chris Deschene, a non-fluent Navajo speaker, running in the the upcoming election of the President of the Navajo Nation. There is a longstanding law that disqualifies any presidential candidate that is not fluent in the Navajo language. This is in an effort to preserve the Navajo culture and history, and many feel that the President should certainly be the public embodiment of their culture. Others feel that to disqualify someone for this reason sends a very negative message to the rather large Navajo population that is not fluent in the language, many of whom have experienced language loss due to the past movements to “kill the Indian, save the man.”