Humboldt State University

Jeff Black, PhD, DSc

707 826 3439

Waterfowl Identification

Species List for Waterfowl Ecology 420

Please use this site to practice matching common with scientific names and visa versa.

Subfamily Dendrocygninae: Whistling ducks
Fulvous Whistling duck (adult & young) Dendrocygna bicolor
Black-bellied Whistling duck Dendrocygna autumnalis
Subfamily Anserinae: swans and geese
Tribe Cygnini: swans
Whistling (Tundra) swan Olor (Cygnus) columbianus
Whistling (Tundra immature) swan Olor (Cygnus) columbianus
Trumpeter swan Olor (Cygnus) buccinator
Mute swan Olor (Cygnus) olor
Tribe Anserini: geese
Greater White-fronted goose Anser albifrons
Tule White-fronted goose A. a. elgasi
Snow goose Anser (Chen) caerulescens
Lesser Snow goose (white phase) A. c. caerulescens
Lesser Snow goose (immature) A. c. caerulescens
Lesser Snow goose (blue phase) A. c. caerulescens
Greater Snow goose A. c. atlantica
Greater Snow goose (immature) A. c. atlantica
Ross' goose Anser (Chen) rossii
Emperor goose (adult) Anser (Chen) canagica
Emperor goose (sub-adult) Anser (Chen) canagica
Canada goose Branta canadensis
Atlantic Canada goose B. c. canadensis
Interior (Hudson Bay) Canada goose B. c. interior
Giant Canada goose B. c. maxima
Western Canada goose B. c. moffitti
Lesser Canada goose B. c. parvipes
Cackling goose Branta hutchinsii minima
Aleutian Cackling goose Branta hutchinsii leucopareia
Taverner's (Alaska) Cackling goose Branta hutchinsii taverneri
Richardson's Cackling goose Branta hutchinsii hutchinsii
Vancouver Canada goose B. c. fulva
Dusky Canada goose B. c. occidentalis
Brant Branta bernicla
Atlantic Brant B. b. hrota
Black (Pacific) Brant B. b. nigricans
Hawaiian goose or Nene Branta sandvicensis
Subfamily Anatinae:
Tribe Anatini: Dabbling ducks
American Wood duck (male) Aix sponsa
American Wood duck (female) Aix sponsa
Gadwall (male) Mareca (Anas) strepera
Gadwall (female & young) Mareca (Anas) strepera
American Wigeon (female) Mareca (Anas) americana
American Wigeon (male) Mareca (Anas) americana
Eurasian Wigeon (male) Mareca (Anas) penelope
Mallard (male) Anas platyrhynchos
Mexican duck Anas diazi
Laysan duck (Teal) Anas laysanensis
Hawaiian duck Anas wyvilliana
Mottled (Florida) duck Anas fulvigula
American Black duck | Anas rubripes
Blue-winged Teal (male) Anas discors
Blue-winged Teal (female & young) Anas discors
Cinnamon Teal (male) Anas cyanoptera
Cinnamon Teal (female & young) Anas cyanoptera
Northern Shoveler (male) Anas clypeata
Northern Shoveler (female) Anas clypeata
Northern Pintail (male) Anas acuta
Northern Pintail (female & young) Anas acuta
American Green-winged Teal (male) Anas carolinensis
American Green-winged Teal (female) Anas carolinensis
Eurasian Green-winged Teal (male) Anas crecca
Tribe Aythyini: Pochards (Bay ducks)
Canvasback (male) Aythya valisineria
Canvasback (female) Aythya valisineria
Redhead (male) Aythya americana
Redhead (female) Aythya americana
Ring-necked duck Aythya collaris
Tufted duck Aythya fuligula
Greater Scaup Aythya marila
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis
Tribe Mergini: Sea ducks
Common Eider (male) Somateria mollissima
Common Eider (female) Somateria mollissima
King Eider (male) Somateria spectabilis
King Eider (female) Somateria spectabilis
Spectacled Eider (male) Somateria fischeri
Spectacled Eider (female) Somateria fischeri
Steller's Eider Polysticta stelleri
Black Scoter (male) Melanitta nigra
Black Scoter (female) Melanitta nigra
White-winged (Velvet) Scoter Melanitta fusca
Surf Scoter (male) Melanitta perspicillata
Surf Scoter (female) Melanitta perspicillata
Harlequin duck (male) Histrionicus histrionicus
Harlequin (immature male) duck Histrionicus histrionicus
Labrador duck Camptorhynchus labradorius
Oldsquaw (male) Clangula hyemalis
Oldsquaw (female) Clangula hyemalis
Oldsquaw (immature male) Clangula hyemalis
Barrow's Goldeneye (male) Bucephala islandica
Barrow's Goldeneye (female) Bucephala islandica
Common Goldeneye (male) Bucephala clangula
Common Goldeneye (female) Bucephala clangula
Common (immature male) Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Bufflehead (male) Bucephala albeola
Bufflehead (female) Bucephala albeola
Smew Mergellus albellus
Common Merganser (Goosander)(male) Mergus merganser
Common Merganser (Goosander)(female) Mergus merganser
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus
Tribe Oxyurini: Stiff-tailed ducks
Masked duck Nomonyx dominica
Ruddy duck (male & young) Oxyura jamaicensis
A Selection of Foreign Waterfowl
Ashy-headed goose (male & female) Chloephaga poliocephala
Mandarin duck Aix galericulata
African Pigmy goose Nettapus auritus
Crested (southern) Screamer Chloephaga poliocephala
Upland (Megellanic) goose (male & female) Chloephaga picta
Hottentot Teal Anas hottentota
Black-neck swan Cygnus melanocoryphus
Black swan Cygnus atratus